# Zero: The Number That Changed the World

“Tell me about zero number. What it means? Nothing or empty?” and “When is zero starting to be used with numbers? Who first proposed?”

Let’s check how to answer AI chats to these questions.

## Zero

### DeepAI

https://deepai.org/chat/mathematics

Excellent question! Zero is a number that represents nothing or an empty set. It’s a unique number because it’s neither positive nor negative, but rather a neutral number. It’s particularly important for various types of calculations in mathematics, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

For example, when you add zero to a number, the sum is the same as the original number. So, 5 + 0 = 5. Similarly, when you subtract zero from a number, the difference is the same as the original number. So, 8 – 0 = 8.

Moreover, when you multiply any number with zero, the result is always zero. For example, 5 x 0 = 0, 0 x 2 = 0, and so on. This fact has a vital role in solving equations and making calculations.

Finally, it’s worth noting that zero is an essential mathematical concept with a rich history. It was invented independently in different civilizations, and it revolutionized the way people think about numbers, providing them with new ways to explore mathematics.

The use of zero in mathematics has a fascinating history. It was first used by ancient Indian mathematicians around the 5th century CE. The earliest recorded use of the zero digit was in an Indian text called the Brahmasphuta Siddhanta, written by the mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta.

However, it took several centuries for the concept of zero to spread to other parts of the world. The Arabic and Persian mathematicians were instrumental in spreading the use of zero in the Middle Ages. They developed the decimal system, which uses the positional notation based on the zero digit to represent numbers in a much more efficient way than previous number systems.

Eventually, the use of zero became common in Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries. Famous mathematicians such as Fibonacci, Leonardo da Pisa, and Johannes Kepler helped to popularize zero and the decimal system in various parts of the world.

Today, zero is an essential concept in mathematics and is used to represent the absence of something or as a placeholder in the decimal system.

Zero can be interpreted in two ways: as nothing or as empty.

• Nothing: Zero represents the absence of quantity or magnitude. It is the starting point for all other numbers. For example, if you have no apples, you have a quantity of zero apples.
• Empty: Zero can also represent a container or space that is empty. For example, an empty glass has a volume of zero liters.

In mathematics, zero is an important number with many unique properties. For example, it is the additive identity, which means that adding zero to any number does not change the value of the number. Zero is also the multiplicative identity, which means that multiplying any number by zero results in a product of zero.

Zero is also used as a placeholder in place-value notation, such as the decimal system. For example, the number 102.5 has a zero in the tenths place to indicate that there are no tenth parts in the number.

In everyday language, zero is often used to describe something that is insignificant or worthless. For example, if someone says that you did a “zero job” on a task, they are criticizing your work for being of poor quality.

Overall, zero is a versatile number with a variety of meanings. It can be used to represent nothing, emptiness, a placeholder, or insignificance.

Here are some examples of how zero is used in different contexts:

• Mathematics: Zero is the additive identity, meaning that adding zero to any number does not change the value of the number. It is also the multiplicative identity, meaning that multiplying any number by zero results in a product of zero.
• Science: Zero is used to represent absolute zero, which is the lowest possible temperature. It is also used to represent the vacuum of space.
• Technology: Zero is used as a placeholder in binary code, which is the language that computers use to communicate. It is also used to represent the absence of a signal in digital electronics.
• Everyday language: Zero is often used to describe something that is insignificant or worthless. For example, if someone says that you did a “zero job” on a task, they are criticizing your work for being of poor quality.

I hope this helps to explain the meaning of zero.

Zero started being used with numbers around the 3rd century BC in ancient Babylon. The Babylonians used a double wedge symbol to represent zero as a placeholder in their place-value number system.

The first recorded use of zero as a number in its own right was in India in the 5th century AD. The Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata used the Sanskrit word śūnya, which means “empty”, to represent zero.

Zero was introduced to Europe by the Italian mathematician Fibonacci in the 12th century. Fibonacci learned about zero from his travels to North Africa, where it was being used by Arab mathematicians.

Zero quickly became an essential part of mathematics and science. It made it possible to develop new and more complex mathematical concepts, such as algebra and calculus. Zero also made it possible to develop new scientific theories, such as Newton’s laws of motion.

Today, zero is used in all aspects of mathematics and science. It is also used in everyday life, in everything from counting money to programming computers.

It is difficult to say definitively who first proposed the idea of using zero with numbers, but it is likely that it was a gradual process, with different people making contributions at different times. However, the Babylonians and Indians are credited with being among the first to use zero in a sophisticated way.

### Chat GPT (Open AI)

https://chat.openai.com/

The concept of zero is a fundamental mathematical concept, and it represents the absence of quantity or the point on the number line between the positive and negative numbers. It is not the same as “nothing” or “empty” in a philosophical or existential sense; rather, it is a numerical value that denotes the absence of a countable quantity. Zero is considered an integer and is used extensively in mathematics and science for a variety of purposes.

Here are some key points about the number zero:

1. Placeholder: Zero is often used as a placeholder in the decimal system, allowing us to distinguish between numbers like 10 and 100. In this role, it signifies the absence of a digit in a particular place value.
2. Arithmetic Operations: In mathematics, zero is used in various arithmetic operations. For example, adding zero to a number does not change its value (a + 0 = a), and multiplying a number by zero results in zero (a * 0 = 0). Division by zero is undefined, as it leads to mathematical inconsistencies.
3. Temperature Scale: In the Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales, zero has a specific meaning. In the Celsius scale, zero represents the freezing point of water, while in the Kelvin scale, zero represents absolute zero, the lowest possible temperature in the universe.
4. Number Line: Zero is the point of origin on the number line. Positive numbers are greater than zero, while negative numbers are less than zero.
5. Existence and Philosophy: While zero is not a representation of “nothing” in the philosophical sense, it has been the subject of philosophical discussions regarding the nature of zero, infinity, and existence. Some philosophical perspectives consider zero as a concept that signifies the absence of quantity, while others may see it as a representation of potentiality.

In summary, the number zero is a mathematical concept used to represent the absence of quantity in a quantitative context. It plays a crucial role in various mathematical and scientific calculations and is a fundamental concept in number theory and algebra. While it is not equivalent to the philosophical notion of “nothing” or “empty,” it is an essential part of our numerical system and mathematical framework.

The use of zero as a placeholder in positional notation is a crucial development in the history of mathematics. This use of zero allows for more efficient and flexible representation of numbers. The concept of using zero as a placeholder in positional notation is often attributed to ancient Indian mathematicians, particularly to the Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta.

Brahmagupta, who lived in the 7th century CE, wrote the Brahmasphutasiddhanta, an important mathematical text. In this work, he discussed the rules for arithmetic operations, including multiplication and division, when using zero. He is often credited with being one of the first mathematicians to clearly articulate the rules for using zero in mathematical calculations.

The use of zero as a placeholder and its eventual spread to other parts of the world can also be attributed to the influence of Indian mathematics on Islamic and later European mathematicians. Al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician from the 9th century, played a significant role in transmitting Indian mathematical knowledge to the Islamic world. The word “algebra” itself is derived from the title of his book “Al-Kitab al-Mukhtasar fi Hisab al-Jabr wal-Muqabala,” which means “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing.” This work extensively discussed the use of zero and algebraic equations.

Over time, the concept of zero as a placeholder became more widely adopted, and it played a crucial role in the development of modern arithmetic and mathematics. It allowed for more sophisticated and efficient numerical representations and calculations, and it is now an integral part of our number system.

### Perplexity

https://www.perplexity.ai/

Zero is a number that represents an empty quantity. It is considered a number and is the additive identity element of the integers, real numbers, and other algebraic structures. Zero is a numeric placeholder and helps distinguish between numbers like 31 and 301, 0.1 and 0.001, etc. . It is a quantity that adds nothing. Zero is a number on the number line and is used to denote that number in numerical values. It is a particular real number, integer, or natural number. Zero is an even number because it is divisible by 2 with no remainder.

On the other hand, “nothing” is considered an empty or null set. It is a concept depicting a void or absence of anything relevant. Nothing does not have any value. It is not a number and has no properties. It is not an entity and has no characteristics or properties. Nothing is exactly nothing, let alone a mathematical representation of itself.

In summary, zero is a number that represents an empty quantity, while nothing is an empty or null set that represents a void or absence of anything relevant.

 https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4606386/whats-the-difference-between-nothing-zero-and-the-empty-set
 http://www.differencebetween.net/language/words-language/difference-between-zero-and-nothing/
 https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/7/5/17500782/zero-number-math-explained
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0
 http://jwilson.coe.uga.edu/EMAT6500/ClassSit/Hornbeck/Situation%20-%20Zero%20v%20Nothing.pdf

The concept of zero as an empty place indicator was coming into use in Babylonian numerals around the time that the ancient Greeks began their contributions to mathematics. However, the historical record shows that zero makes shadowy appearances only to vanish again almost as if mathematicians were searching for it yet did not recognize its fundamental significance even when they saw it. There are different aspects of zero within these two uses, namely the concept, the notation, and the name. The name “zero” derives ultimately from the Arabic sifr which also gives us the word “cipher”. Neither of the above uses has an easily described history. It just did not happen that someone invented the ideas, and then everyone started to use them.

The first evidence of zero is from the Sumerian culture in Mesopotamia, some 5,000 years ago. There, a slanted double wedge was inserted between cuneiform symbols for numbers, written positionally, to indicate the absence of a number in a place. The symbol changed over time as positional notation (for which zero was crucial), made its way to the Babylonian empire and from there to India, via the Greeks. By AD 150, Ptolemy, influenced by Hipparchus and the Babylonians, was using a symbol for zero in his work on mathematical astronomy called the Syntaxis Mathematica, also known as the Almagest. This Hellenistic zero was perhaps the earliest documented use of a numeral representing zero in the Old World.

In summary, the concept of zero as an empty place indicator was coming into use in Babylonian numerals around the time that the ancient Greeks began their contributions to mathematics. The first evidence of zero is from the Sumerian culture in Mesopotamia, some 5,000 years ago. The symbol for zero changed over time as positional notation made its way to the Babylonian empire and from there to India, via the Greeks. By AD 150, Ptolemy was using a symbol for zero in his work on mathematical astronomy called the Syntaxis Mathematica, also known as the Almagest.

 https://sites.tufts.edu/tquinto/files/2021/01/HistoryOfZero.pdf
 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/history-of-zero/
 https://www.diplomacy.edu/blog/origins-of-zero-a-fascinating-story-of-science-and-spirituality-across-civilisations/
 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-origin-of-zer/
 https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/0_(number)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/0

### Copy.ai

https://app.copy.ai/

Zero is a number that represents the absence or lack of quantity. It is neither nothing nor empty, but rather a specific value that denotes the absence of any other value. In mathematics, zero serves as the additive identity, meaning that when a number is added to zero, the result is that same number. For example, 5 + 0 equals 5.

The concept of zero was initially counterintuitive and controversial, as the idea of representing nothing with a number was not intuitive to early mathematical systems, which focused primarily on counting and measuring solid objects. However, zero plays a fundamental role in mathematics and various other fields, including computer science and physics.

Simple English Wikipedia: 0
Vox: Zero: the mind-bendy math behind it, explained

The use of zero as a number can be traced back to ancient civilizations, and it has a complex history. The concept of zero most likely originated in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia, specifically in the “fertile crescent,” around 4,000 years ago. Sumerian scribes in Mesopotamia used empty spaces to represent the absence of a quantity in their number columns, which can be considered an early form of zero.

The first known explicit use of the number zero as a placeholder in a positional numeral system can be attributed to the Indian mathematicians in the Gupta Empire, around the 5th century CE. This numeral system later spread to the Islamic world and eventually reached Europe through trade and scholarship, notably introduced by the Italian mathematician Fibonacci (also known as Leonardo of Pisa) in the 13th century.

Therefore, while the concept of zero as a placeholder or a number was present in different ancient cultures, the Indian mathematicians and later Fibonacci played a significant role in introducing and popularizing zero as it is known today in the positional numeral system.

History.com: Who Invented the Zero?
Scientific American: The Origin of Zero
GeeksforGeeks: Who Invented Zero?
Wikipedia: 0

### Bing.ai

https://www.bing.com/search

Zero is a unique number that represents all that is and all potential. It is the only number that represents all that is, including all potential. Separation doesn’t exist. Indication that separation is possible also doesn’t exist. In a numerology chart, the interpretation usually relates to infinite possibilities, all or nothing, anything, or other barrier-free ideas. Zero is both closed and wide open. It means comprehensiveness, openness, wholeness, and infinity. It’s an all-inclusive number 1.

In mathematics, zero is the integer denoted 0 that, when used as a counting number, means that no objects are present. It is the only integer (and, in fact, the only real number) that is neither negative nor positive. A number which is not zero is said to be nonzero 2.

In summary, zero represents completeness and wholeness in numerology and indicates the absence of any object in mathematics.

The concept of zero is believed to have originated in ancient India, where it was used as a placeholder in the decimal place-value system. This system of numerals, including zero, spread throughout the Indian subcontinent and eventually reached the Arab world 1. The first recorded use of a zero-like symbol dates back to sometime around the third century B.C. in ancient Babylon 2. However, it was not until the fifth century A.D. that zero began to take shape as a number, rather than a punctuation mark between numbers, in India 3.

I hope this helps!

### Resume

Bard most information from the Wiki page.

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